Измени себя — изменится Мир вокруг

Chapter 5. History of Abortion in Russia

Chapter 5. History of Abortion in Russia

We live in a world where abortion is legalized, we are accustomed to the fact that it is a norm of life, and it's a reasonable solution of a modern uninhibited woman. To understand the problem more deeply, it is worth considering, was it always so? Does everywhere it happen now? Who and when formed the idea that abortion is a natural and adequate choice?

One way or another, women since ancient times tried to solve the problem of "unplanned" pregnancy, to deny this fact would be pointless. The only question is how the state and society treated "etching away of the fetus", and consequently, how often, women nevertheless dared to resort to this method. Let us glance at the history of the issue.

In Christian countries, up to the XX century, killing of unborn children was prohibited by law. In Russia of XV- XVIII centuries for etching away of the fetus by potion or with the help of midwife (wise woman), the priest imposed on a woman a penance for a period of 5 to 15 years. In the second half of the XVII century Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov adopted a law, according to which for artificial termination of pregnancy a rigid punishment was set - death penalty. Only Peter I canceled it in 1715.

According to the statute about punishments in 1845, abortion was as equivalent to willful infanticide. The blame for this crime was assigned both at doctors, and at women themselves. Punishment for abortion was penal servitude from 4 to 10 years for the doctor and exile to Siberia or stay in a correctional institution from 4 to 6 years for women themselves. Moreover, if a person, who performed abortion, had medical education, it was considered as an aggravating circumstance.

More recent bill of the Russian Ministry of Justice threatened to the mother, guilty of killing the fetus, by imprisonment in the house of correction for up to 3 years. The same punishment was also provided in relation to any person responsible for the killing of the fetus of a pregnant, and, if that person was a doctor or midwife, the court had the right to deprive the perpetrator of practice for a period of 5 years and to publish its verdict. Third parties were also liable to punishment, even if they participated in the act with the consent of the pregnant woman, as well as abettors, who delivered the necessary tools for the destruction of the fetus. If feticide happened without the consent of the pregnant woman, the perpetrators were punished with penal servitude up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment.

Because of fear, women, being in a hopeless situation, in her opinion, could have an abortion, but society always said “no”. The state offered other options - foundling homes were kept, where it was possible to secretly bring the newly born baby, already under Peter I obstetric departments were opened, where women were allowed to give birth in a mask without opening themselves. Of course, the birth of a child out of wedlock and the rejection of it were condemned by society. Such mother could hardly expect a happy family life, if the pages of her biography became known, but in legislation such an action was considered more adequate, they did not punish for it.

When has everything changed, and the state has become to welcome the murder of its youngest citizens? In 1913, at the Congress of Russian doctors in memory of N. Pirogov, by the majority vote, it was decided to legalize abortion and to exempt from criminal liability, both mothers and doctors.

Lenin, considering it testament to the democratic rights of citizens, gave broad public support to this ruling. As a result, several years after the Bolsheviks came to power, on November 19th 1920 abortion was permitted, and Russia became the first country in the world to legalize abortion on the woman's request.

At first glance, it was a strange decision for the state. Let us be carried a few decades ahead to see when and why such decisions were taken? To enslave the Slavic countries, Borman offers Hitler the following policy (fixed in one of the secret orders): “In the case of abortions in the eastern occupied territories, we can only welcome this; in any case, we should not oppose. The Führer expects us to conduct extensive “trade of contraceptives. We are not interested in the growth of non-German population».

“There should be wide production of it (contraceptives). The distribution of it and abortions in any way should not be limited. It is necessary to do everything to facilitate the expansion of abortion services network”, — comments and suggestions on the general plan “Ost” of Reichsfuhrer of SS Himmler troops.

“I would shoot anyone who tried to ban abortions in Ukraine,” - says A. Hitler himself. According to this tactic, abortion should be carried out whenever a woman asks about it. Not Aryan people should be destroyed, and all methods are suitable for this.

The results of the similar policy (permission and stimulation of abortion), carried out in the Soviet Union, have not kept itself waiting long. Statistics reflects the consequences of this law: according to a special study conducted by V. Payevsky in Leningrad, in 1928 only 42% of pregnancies resulted in the birth of a child. The remaining 58% were interrupted by abortion. That is, in fact, one killed accounted for each born child... This situation, according to the author, testified to "almost exclusive role of abortions in lowering birth rates”. The number of abortions per capita continued to grow further, especially among the urban population. According to I. Kurganov, in Moscow in 1934, about three abortions accounted for one birth. Abortion has become the main and almost the only way to control the number of children in the family.

Already after 4-5 years after the legalization of abortions, birth rate dropped so much that because of the dangers of the demographic crisis in 1936 abortion legally are limited. They are permitted only in the case of threat to life and heavy damage to women’s health. The situation changed at once: the concomitant risks of maternal mortality decreased, indicators of deterioration of reproductive health, infertility, family breakdown, etc. decreased. However, already in 1955, abortion was permitted again, increasing their number to such an extent that the USSR takes on one of the first places in the world for abortions.

The state must defend its citizens from external enemies, from cataclysms. But it somehow encourages killing them…

Think about these numbers: until 1990 in Russia every year they made more than 4-4.5 million abortions (during five years - more than 20 million). For comparison - in five years of the Great Patriotic War, our human losses totaled only 6.5 million people.

Ovid wrote in his “Metamorphoses”:

“Where’s the joy in a girl being free from fighting wars,
unwilling to follow the army and their shields,
if without battle she suffers wounds from her own weapons,
and arms unsure hands to her own doom?
Whoever first taught the destruction of a tender foetus,
deserved to die by her own warlike methods.
No doubt you’d chance your arm in that dismal arena
just to keep your belly free of wrinkles with your crime?
If the same practice had pleased mothers of old,
Humanity would have been destroyed by that violation.”

So is it worth to let the tanks on Russia? Or can everything be made much easier?

Does a woman herself make the decision about abortion? Or those who think that our territories are too densely populated have already made it for her?

Let's see, what we have come. These are just dry numbers, but they say more brightly than the words: bit of statistics, outlined with dry and official language.

By 2002, about 60% of all pregnancies in Russia end in abortion. Russia ranked 2 in the world after Romania according to the number of abortions per capita. Girls under 18 years make every tenth abortion. From residing in Russia 38 million women of childbearing age, about 6 million are infertile, including because of previous abortions.

For today, at the rate of the Minister of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation Mikhail Zurabov, 1.6-1.7 million of abortions are made annually in Russia. Russia is the first in the world in the number of abortions: here, even according to official statistics, 70% of all pregnancies end in abortion. Russia is the world leader in the murder of unborn children by their mothers and doctors.

According to statistics in Russia:

· 70% of pregnancies end in abortion;

· 10% of abortions are done by girls from 10 to 18 years;

· 22,000 abortions are made every day;

· about 90% of abortions are performed between the 6th and 12th weeks of pregnancy;

· practically all abortions give complications;

· 7-8% of women become infertile after an abortion.

The main obstetrician-gynecologist of Russian Federation Health Ministry Academician Vladimir Kulakov cited data of the Scientific Center for Obstetrics and Gynecology, director of which he is: “6-7 million Russian women and 3-4 million men are infertile... These data are incomplete.”

Many doctors say that the official statistics on the number of abortions should be multiplied twice.

The demographic situation in Russia.

In our country, the population is 147.5 million (recent census) – let it be 150 million.

Half of the population are pensioners (here and below all figures are approximate).

In any case, from 150 million not more than half is capable of forming the family with children.

In total – 75 million.

Not everyone is getting married (especially in the city), let it be 2/3 (including divorces), we get 50 million, that is 25 million couples.

Every couple has an average of 1.3 child (in Moscow), even 1.5. 25 x 1.5 = 40 million.

We got roughly (excluding loss on all kinds of death), the following:

1) 40 million people will remain in Russia after 70 years (70 years is the average life expectancy), and in the next 70 years - a decrease by the same amount.

2) For the simple reproduction of the population (to maintain the level of 150 million) each family must give birth to 6 children (by 4 times more than now).

We see how different were the raw data in order to make the choice to give birth or not to give birth even over several centuries. Powerful forces have created conditions maximally protecting a woman from such an act, or, conversely, pushing her to it.

Do we have the right to make our own decisions or our children must become victims of someone else’s political games? What is waiting for our country, our grandchildren and great grandchildren, if we continue to killing our children? Who needs that we continued doing this and why?